Man holding lower back - learn about common injuries and how to treat them

Learn about common injuries

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Musculoskeletal injuries such as sprains or strains can happen at work, at home or while playing sports, and can be minor or very serious. Here we look at common injuries and how to treat them.


Depending on the injury, symptoms can vary from mild to severe and be short lived or long lasting.

  1. Acute injuries occur suddenly and may be accompanied by sharp and severe pain, swelling and lack of mobility in the affected area.
  2. Sprains (when a ligament is stretched, twisted or torn) and strains (when muscle fibres stretch or tear) are common. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, muscle spasms, and inability to freely move affected joints.

How injuries can affect you

Sprains and strains may initially require professional medical treatment and can stop you from doing everyday activities. Serious injuries like fractures, torn ligaments and dislocations may cause a lot of pain, require ...professional medical treatment and force you to rest while you recover.


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Did you know?

Never try to work through the pain of a musculoskeletal injury. When you feel pain, you should stop walking, playing or exercising as carrying on could only cause more damage.

13% of people say that their body pain has been caused by injury.

Causes and types

Injuries can happen when you’re at work or at home, playing sports or driving a car. Work injuries can be caused by slips, falls or lifting, while common sports injuries include knee injuries, Achilles tendon injuries, sprains and strains, and shoulder injuries.

Graphic representing injuries at work

Injuries at work
Some of the most common causes of injury at work are trips, slips and falls, and manual handling and lifting accidents. The most common types of injury at work are sprains and strains, back, head and neck injuries and repetitive strain injuries.

Graphic representing sports injuries

Sports injuries
Sports injuries can affect almost any part of your body, including the muscles, bones, joints and connective tissues (tendons and ligaments). The most common type of sports injuries are sprains and strains. Knee injuries can be caused during sports or exercise, the result of overuse, damaged cartilage or a torn ligament. Achilles tendon injuries may occur when the tendon connecting the calf muscle to the heel is damaged. Sports injuries can result from accidents, poor training practices, incorrect clothing or shoes, lack of fitness or not warming up and stretching enough before playing.

Woman looking happy following expert treatment for an injury

Expert treatmentThe treatment of an injury will depend on its type and how serious it is. Minor injuries can often be treated at home. To reduce inflammation and pain, you can use over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication (NSAIDs) from your pharmacist. It is recommended you visit your doctor if the injury causes severe pain, heavy bleeding, numbness, when you can’t tolerate any weight on the area, or if the pain is accompanied by increased swelling or joint instability. Your doctor may recommend rehabilitation exercises to return the injured body part to a normal level of function.

Different types of joint pain

Graphic joint pain type 1:  Pain behind or around the kneecap

Pain behind or around the kneecap.

Graphic joint pain type 2: Pain on the outside of the upper forearm, just below the elbow

Pain on the outside of the upper forearm, just below the bend of your elbow.

Graphic joint pain type 3: Sprains occur when your ligaments are stretched, twisted or torn

Sprains occur when your ligaments are stretched, twisted or torn; other common areas to sprain are the knee and wrist.

Graphic joint pain type 4: Pain felt along the shin bone after exercise

Pain felt along the shin bone after exercise.

Graphic joint pain type 5: Stretched or torn muscles or tendons at the back of the thigh

Stretched or torn muscles or tendons at the back of the thigh; strains are also common injuries in the back.

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